Do people believe the information they receive through messaging apps? Does the identity of the sender influence the credibility of that information? When do people feel more inclined to share content they have received? In the midst of the ongoing pandemic, when rampant misinformation has exploded on social media and closed messaging services, these questions are more pertinent than ever.
This study was carried out by the author, María Celeste Wagner (University of Pennsylvania, USA), Eugenia Mitchelstein (Universidad de San Andrés, Argentina), and Pablo J. Boczkowski (Northwestern University, USA), acting as external consultant.
This article seeks to contribute to theorizing the dynamics of incidental news consumption. Through an analysis of 200 semi-structured interviews with people in Argentina, Finland, Israel, Japan and the United States, the authors show that intentionality in news consumption can be seen on a continuum, ranging from deliberately setting aside time to access to the news. in specific media to browse unsolicited news on social and traditional media, with intermediate practices such as respondents creating an environment where they are more or less likely to find news. Building on the theory of structuring, this article conceptualizes incidental news in the context of a broader media environment and at multiple levels of analysis and explores how individual agency and social structure interact to shape media acquisition practices. information.
This study was carried out by the author, María Celeste Wagner (University of Pennsylvania, USA), Eugenia Mitchelstein (Universidad de San Andrés, Argentina) and Pablo J. Boczkowski (Northwestern University), as consultants external.
Link to the paper.
University of San Andrés, Argentina
Northwestern University, USA
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
The University of Tokyo, Japan
University of Jyväskylä, Finland
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
This paper presents an analysis of the existing bibliography on social networks in Ibero-America, with the aim of organizing the main topics covered, reviewing their findings, and proposing future research paths. The four thematic areas that stand out are: political communication and electronic government; journalism and traditional media; social groups (including adolescents and young people, marginalized people, women, entrepreneurs and influencers, students, and older adults) and areas of use (commerce, tourism, education, health, professional communication); and political and civic participation. We reviewed the bibliography from the perspective of the platforms (Twitter, Facebook, WhatsApp, Instagram, YouTube, and Snapchat) and from the geographical regions and countries that make up Latin America, to observe similarities and differences. We conclude with the mention and analysis of the two most outstanding research patterns: 1) the tendency to expect a transformative potential on the part of the networks that is not necessarily verified, especially in the case of political communication and journalism; 2) transforming capacity of the networks for their applications in the areas of tourism, education and health, where the traditional media have not been characterized by having a prominent role. Finally, we propose some paths for future studies, among them the carrying out of comparative studies, the incorporation of relational views in the treatment of networks, the sum of mixed, experimental and computational methodologies, and the consideration, from the research design, of the acceleration of technological change and the need to generate questions and conceptualizations capable of surviving the passage of time.
Download the full article here.
In its fourth year of existence, the Center for Media and Society Studies in Argentina (MESO), a joint initiative of the University of San Andrés and Northwestern University, continued to grow as a space for the production of knowledge about the media and the Social; meeting forum for researchers and communication and culture professionals; field of academic training; and node in an expanding international academic cooperation network.
We invite you to review the activities and results of this 2019. Access the full report here.
Hernando Rojas and Sebastián Valenzuela presented a forceful and eloquent case for a greater contextualization in the investigation of political communication. Although it is explicitly an essay on epistemology, in this comment we will treat Rojas and Valenzuela's proposal as an eminently political text, an intervention in the power dynamics of knowledge creation, since at its core it addresses the relational imbalance in the ability to make affirmations. and legitimize them in academic discourse (Emerson, 1962). Who can speak? On what topics? And in what ways? On the contrary, whose voices are, what issues and what perspectives do not have levels of visibility comparable to those that usually have the center of attention?
Essay published in Political Communication available here.
This article examines the gender distribution of sources and the factors associated with the representation of women in the news on eight Argentine online news sites and their respective social media accounts on Facebook and Twitter. Content analysis of 3,010 articles shows that men are approximately twice as likely to be cited as sources than women. The analysis also finds a negative association between articles on public affairs issues and the presence of women as news sources. It also produces a greater use of female fonts in stories with a female line. Furthermore, there is no significant relationship between the presence of women as sources and whether the article was published on the home page of a news organization or on their social media accounts. We draw on these findings to theorize about the role of technological change in the dynamics of gender inequality, and to reflect on how the relative scarcity of women's voices in the news can hamper diversity and inclusion in the public sphere.
This article examines patterns of gender discrimination in news authorship in general, and opinion pieces in particular. Based on research on media and feminism, the content analysis of 3,013 articles from eight Argentine news sites and their respective social media accounts during 2017 shows that 32.63 percent of stories with signatures were written by women; stories about sports, politics, and crime were less likely to have a female line; there were no significant differences between news sites; and this gap was smaller on the Facebook and Twitter accounts of the examined media than on their home pages. In the case of opinion pieces, the percentage with female signatures dropped to 15 percent, which equates to a significant difference with other genres even after controlling for other variables, such as topic or news site. Based on these findings, we reflect on how factors such as news topics, news article format, and type of digital source interact with gender as a structuring mechanism for media representations.
Eugenia Mitchelstein, Pablo J Boczkowski, Victoria Andelsman, Paloma Etenberg, Marina Weinstein, Tomás Bombau.
Full article here.
The Smells, Sights, and Pleasures of Ink on Paper: The Consumption of Print Newspapers During a Period Marked by Their Crisis.
Much has been written about the print newspaper crisis, but more attention has been paid to production and distribution problems than to reception. Furthermore, research on the reception of printed newspapers has been limited to an approach that privileges the informational dimension and, mainly, has taken place in the countries of the Global North. To help overcome these limitations, this paper asks two questions that inquire about the reception of printed newspapers in the contemporary media environment in Argentina. Based on an analysis of 158 semi-structured interviews carried out in the City of Buenos Aires and other parts of the country, the authors discover that people continue to read newspapers not only, or even mainly, because of the information contained in their pages, but also because of the dynamics that they link news content with the materiality, routine, and broader practices of incorporating this media artifact into their daily lives. These dynamics are shaped in part by distinctive aspects of the Argentine context, including business strategies, family rituals, urban patterns, and a culture of nostalgia.
Find the paper here.
“Angry, frustrated, and overwhelmed: The emotional experience of consuming news about President Trump” by María Celeste Wagner and Pablo J Boczkowski
Abstract: The emotional experience of consuming news about politics has been traditionally understudied. We aim to contribute to filling this void through a study of the emotional responses related to encountering stories about a high-profile political topic: the first 10 months of the administration of the US President, Donald Trump. To understand this, we draw upon 71 semi-structured interviews conducted in the greater metropolitan areas of Chicago, Miami and Philadelphia between January and October 2017. Our analysis indicates that: talking about political news often was a synonym of talking about President Trump; people expressed a high level of emotionality when recalling these experiences, which were more intense on social media and among those for whom the news felt more personal; feelings of anger or distress were often tied to wanting to increase political engagement; and individuals frequently develop mechanisms to cope with high levels of emotionality.
Access to the article here.
"The Reception of Fake News: The Interpretations and Practices That Shape the Consumption of Perceived Misinformation" by María Celeste Wagner and Pablo J. Boczkowski
Abstract: How do people make sense of, and deal with, a changing media landscape perceived to be filled with misinformation and fake news? To answer this, we draw upon data from seventy-one in-depth interviews in Chicago, Philadelphia, and Miami. We found that perceptions about the overall media ecosystem were characterized by a: a) negative view of the current quality of news reporting, b) particular distrust of news circulation on social media; and c) concern about the effects of these trends mainly on the information habits of others. To counter these perceptions, participants indicated to rely on: a) traditional fact-based media, accompanied by a rejection of opinionated outlets; b) personal experience and knowledge; c) repetition of information across outlets; d) consumption of cross-ideological sources; e) fact-checking; and f) trust in certain personal contacts on social media, who are perceived as assessors of news quality. Our findings suggest that: a) news consumption is being ritualized in new and more personalized ways; b) social media is seen as a gateway to news partly because audiences find opinion leaders in terms of their skills as credibility assessors; and c) journalism could cater more to audiences ’demands for more fact-oriented and less discussion-based content.
To cite this document: María Celeste Wagner and Pablo J. Boczkowski (2019): The Reception of Fake News: The Interpretations and Practices That Shape the Consumption of Perceived Misinformation, Digital Journalism, DOI: 10.1080 / 21670811.2019.1653208.
The special dossier edited by Eugenia Mitchelstein and Pablo Boczkowski "Media and society in the southern cone" is now available in the Journal Cuadernos. info in which 5 papers presented during the IV Congress of MESO, Buenos Aires 2018 were published.
1. "Discovering collaborators online: Forming interdisciplinary teams in an Argentine university" by Diego Gómez Zará, Silvia Andreoli, Leslie DeChurch and Noshir Contractor.
2. "Gender of journalists and influence: effects on the perceived severity of sexual harassment" by Celeste Wagner.
3. "Are they bots? Automation in social networks during the presidential elections of Chile 2017 ”by Enrique Santana and Gonzalo Huerta Cánepa.
4. "Political views. The imaginary system of Cambiemos (Argentina, 2015-2018) ”by Mariano Dagatti and Paula Onofrio.
5. "Government advertising in Argentina between 2000-2017: exponential growth, electoral usufruct and media crisis" by José Crettaz.
In our YouTube channel you can find all the presentations of the #CongresoMESO2018.
This article analyzes the domestication of WhatsApp among Argentine individuals going through young, middle and young adulthood. late, based on 158 semi-structured interviews and a survey of 700 people. The findings show a variation in the domestication processes related to the different life stages to which the users belong. Young adults (ages 18 to 34, in our sample) embrace WhatsApp as a taken-for-granted platform, where sociability occurs primarily in groups with friends and is enacted through “always-on” availability. Middle adults (35–59 years) own this platform partially made up of a constellation of job and care responsibilities. Late adults (60 years and older) find in WhatsApp a connection with younger generations as well as peers of the same age, while establishing less continuous modes of availability than those in other stages of life. We propose that considering life stages in domestication processes contributes to unraveling broader dynamics of the social mediation of everyday life.
Authors: Mora Matassi, Pablo J Boczkowski, Eugenia Mitchelstein.
Posted in New Media and Society.
The article examines patterns of gender discrimination in the authorship of news in general and articles from opinion in particular. Based on feminist media studies, the content analysis of 3,013 articles from eight Argentine news sites and their respective social media accounts during 2017 shows that 32.63 percent of the stories written by authors were written by women. ; stories about sports, politics, and crime were less likely to have a female signature; there were no significant differences between news sites; and this gap was smaller in the Facebook and Twitter accounts of the news outlets examined on their home pages. In the case of opinion pieces, the percentage with female signatures dropped to 15 percent, which is equivalent to a significant difference with other genres, even after controlling for other variables, such as the topic or the news site. Based on these findings, the authors reflect on how factors such as news topics, news article format, and digital source type interact with gender as a structuring mechanism for media representations.
Authors: Eugenia Mitchelstein, Pablo J Boczkowski, Victoria Andelsman, Paloma Etenberg, Marina Weinstein, Tomás Bombau.
“The Center for Media and Society Studies in Argentina (MESO), a joint initiative of the University of San Andrés and Northwestern University, is in its third year of existence. In 2018, MESO continued to grow as: a space for the production of knowledge about the media and the social; meeting forum for researchers and communication and culture professionals; human resource development field; and node in an expanding international academic cooperation network”.
We invite you to review the activities and results of this 2018. Access the full report here: Annual Report MESO 2018.
The latest report #ESPOP (survey of political satisfaction and public opinion) prepared in conjunction with MESO (Center for Media and Society) of the University of San Andrés is available.
The survey is carried out in 23 provinces and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires via the Netquest online Panel. The sample is proportional to the size of the provinces (with some adjustments to guarantee a reading base) and representative at the regional level. The provinces were grouped into 5 regions: NOA, NEA, Cuyo, Centro, Patagonia, and Buenos Aires divided in turn into CABA, GBA and interior of the Province of Buenos Aires. Quotas for sex, age and socioeconomic status were applied.
This special deals with the consumption of news and information in different traditional media and social networks, inquiring about habits, preferences and confidence in the quality of the information. Finally, we inquire about the consumption of information on social networks.
To access the full report, click here.
Adriana Amado reviewed the book "Headlines, hashtags and videogames. Communication in the era digital" compiled by the co-directors of Meso Argentina: Eugenia Mitchelstein and Pablo Boczkowski.
"The book Headlines, hashtags and videogames is not a book. Or not only that. From its functionality as a publication it compiles the participations in the first congress of the Center for Studies on Media and Society (MESO). From its symbolic value, the book enshrines the creation of this space in 2015, which meant a subtle but consistent movement in the field of communication in Argentina."
Find the complete review in the journal Inmediaciones de la Comunicación de la Universidad ORT from Uruguay.
Victoria Andelsman, former coordinator in Meso Argentina and Eugenia Mitchelstein, current co-director of the center, published the article "If it Bleeds it leads: Coverage of violence against women and sexual and reproductive health in Argentina from 1995 to 2015." in Journalism Practice.
The article examines the journalistic coverage of sexual and reproductive health and violence against women, between 1995 and 2015, in two printed newspapers in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The analysis shows that while coverage of violence against women increased over the 20-year period, coverage of sexual and reproductive health did not. In addition, based on the theory of framing, the content analysis indicates that, regardless of the level of coverage, throughout the period examined, articles on these topics tend to avoid a gender equality approach and to be framed in episodic frameworks, in place of thematic frames. Finally, articles on violence against women are much less likely to use the equality framework or thematic framework than stories on sexual and reproductive health.
The full article can be accessed at Journalism Practice.
How to cite it: Andelsman, V., and Mitchelstein, E. (2018). If it Bleeds it Leads: Coverage of violence against women and sexual and reproductive health in Argentina from 1995 to 2015. Journalism Practice, 1-18.
"How young people face multiple platforms: the role of meaning creation in social media repertoires" is the latest article published by Pablo Boczkowski, Mora Matassi and Eugenia Mitchelstein in the Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication.
This research, the result of 50 interviews and a survey (N = 700), sought to understand how young people in Argentina handle the proliferation of social media platforms in their daily lives. Based on work on repertoires, niche theory, polymedia, and media ideology, the researchers explored how user practices are shaped by constellations of meaning attributed to each platform.
In their results they found that WhatsApp is a multifaceted communication domain; Facebook a space to show the socially acceptable "me"; Instagram an environment for stylized self-presentation; Twitter a place of information and informality; and Snapchat a place for spontaneous and playful connections. Additionally, for the authors, these constellations are socially and comparatively formed, and are relatively autonomous from technical facilities. Finally they reflected on the relationship between the agency of the users and the structures where they are represented.
You can access the full paper at Oxford Academic - Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication.
How to cite it: Pablo J Boczkowski, Mora Matassi, Eugenia Mitchelstein; How Young Users Deal With Multiple Platforms: The Role of Meaning-Making in Social Media Repertoires, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication,, zmy012, https://doi.org/10.1093/jcmc/zmy012.
In this paper the authors analyze the factors that explain the incidental consumption through social networks. To answer this question, they use data from a household survey in Buenos Aires and find that those who access the news most incidentally are young people and people with a higher socioeconomic level. In addition, other factors that influence this type of consumption is the constant connection and use of smartphones. Finally, the study concludes that these new types of consumption suggest that the structure of online content enhances interactions between sites and networks, and facilitates the social exchange of information.
The article written by Pablo Boczkowski, Eugenia Mitchelstein and Mora Matassi analyzes how incidental consumption develops of news in young people, based on 50 in-depth interviews with interviewees aged 18 to 29 in Argentina. The work finds the existence of strong connections between technology and content, ubiquity, routines of derived information and increasingly mediated sociability and fragmentary reading patterns, loss of news hierarchy and coexistence of different types of filters.
This article examines the dynamics of news consumption on social media through 16 open interviews with young users from Argentina. Research reveals that the ideal typical way in which young people consume news on social media can be characterized by the notion of “incidental news”: most young users receive news on their mobile devices as part of their constant connection to platforms. media. That is, they come across the news all the time, rather than searching for it.
The article analyzes the thematic preferences of consumers of online news in Argentina during 2016, through a mixed method that integrates content analysis with in-depth interviews. The quantitative analysis, carried out in seven of the most important news sites in Argentina, indicates that during 2016 the news on politics and sports were the most viewed, although this interest was not constant: the notes on the government of President Mauricio Macri and complaints of corruption cases had a dominant position among the most read during the first half of the year, while in the second part of the year this position was occupied by news about the achievements of athletes.
The article, entitled “Information, Interest, and Ideology: Explaining the Divergent Effects of Government-Media Relationships in Argentina ”examines, in the context of the confrontation between the government of Cristina Fernandez and the media, the consequences of the confrontation on the agenda of the news media and the preferences of the audience. The findings of a panel survey and content analysis of three news organizations generally labeled as opposition media indicate that the agendas of the media and their respective most viewed stories diverged substantively in their thematic preferences. In-depth interviews with audience members underscore the role of ideology in mediating the impact of relations between governments and the media.
In the first paragraph of his predictions, our Director, Pablo Boczkowski, warns us that "a silent revolution is taking place." Given the immense amount of information to which they have access and the distrust of the media, the interpretive agency of the readers is stronger than ever. "Readers, listeners, viewers and users" explains the author "are becoming more and more skeptical about the information they find in the news and social networks. And that's a good thing.”
Our directors Eugenia Mitchelstein and Pablo Boczkowski published an article in Anfibia Magazine about how we link with the communication technology that defines our time: the Smartphone. Based on their analysis of interviews and consumer surveys, the authors explain that “In the interviews, the pleasure of the encounter is mixed with guilt for the loss of time, the experience of being aware of multiple social contexts with the sensation of emptiness, anguish and even death in the face of the separation - only temporary - of devices and networks ”. The text is part of a series of four essays that seek to analyze different aspects of what they call “the contemporary communicational condition”.
Read the full article here.
Our directors analyze in this article how the new dynamics installed by cell phones are changing our cultural consumption. "Television, music and social networks. These are the three main cultural consumptions of the inhabitants of the City of Buenos Aires and the suburbs, according to the results of a household survey we carried out on 700 people over 18 years of age in October 2016. " The text is part of a series of four essays that seek to analyze different aspects of what they call “the contemporary communicational condition”.
Read the full note here.
The article, written by Mora Matassi, Pablo J Boczkowski and Eugenia Mitchelstein, is based on in-depth interviews carried out by the MESO team and develops the idea of living in the networks. The authors explain that nowadays young people do not use social platforms like objects, but rather experience them as if they were environments that they pass through in their daily lives. To describe this phenomenon, we propose a series of urban metaphors: Facebook as the avenue, Instagram as the parade, Twitter as the kiosk, Snapchat as the parade and WhatsApp as the coffee. Throughout these networks, young people "distribute" their ways of presenting the self, their relationship with the world (of people and news), the activities they carry out, and their perception of the passage of time.
Access the full article here.
Today our news consumption is an amalgamation of twentieth century journalism and twenty-first century digital communication. These changes show "the emergence of new ways of looking that affect the old and the new" propose Pablo Boczkowski and Eugenia Mitchelstein in their new article in Anfíbia, based on data from our 2016 survey of a representative sample of 700 people in the City from Buenos Aires and the suburbs.
The Meso Argentina team published a new work entitled “The news gap in Argentina: contextual factors and preferences of journalists and the public”. This research examines the supply and demand for news over a 7-month period that includes the presidential campaign and the inauguration of Mauricio Macri. Content analysis shows that there is a significant gap between the preferences of journalists and consumers and greater variability in the preferences of members of the public than in the choices of professional news producers. This work uses these findings to reflect on the concepts of agenda setting and monitorial citizenship.
“The existence of a gap, added to the greater facilities for the public to exercise monitorial citizenship and the loss of the power to set the agenda of the media, calls into question the information and communication structures that dominated the news production and politics for much of the 20th century.”
To access the full paper do click here.
After the results of the presidential elections in the United States, the analysis of the relationship between the media, technological devices and politics seems more pertinent than ever. In this context, the note by Pablo Boczkowski in Revista Anfibia on the presence of the candidates on social media and in traditional media was mentioned in the analysis of the electoral results by various media. Thus, the daily Profile ,the newspaper El Litoral and Medie Vardlen (Sweden), they incorporate it in their explanation about the influence of the media on voting decisions and the gap between the preferences that voters express on social networks, and those that voters traditional media exhibit in their editorials.
Pablo Boczkowski, co-director of MESO Argentina, analyzes for Anfibia Magazine the dynamics of political communication on social networks to explain how Trump stood firm in the polls. In addition, he exposes why this election can seal the future of advertising and journalistic coverage in election time.
Read the full article - click here.
Dr. Dolores Albarracín, professor at the University of Illinois and member of the MESO advisory committee, has published an article titled “How people can become persuaded by weak messages presented by credible communicators: Not all sleeper effects are created equal”. Based on three experiments, this article introduces a new type of “sleeper effect” that reveals increases in the persuasiveness of weak messages associated with credible sources.
To access the publication, click here.
Hernán Galperín, a researcher at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Southern California and an affiliate researcher of MESO, has published a new article that analyzes the digital divide in Latin America and its determinants, based on the realization of approximately 870,000 nationwide household surveys. The article examines the “demand gap”, the reasons why the internet is not used, the gender gap, the effects of having school-age children in the home on the use of it by adults, among other topics.
To read a summary of the main findings, click here.
Access to the full article here.
Gabriel Vommaro, an affiliate researcher of MESO, published an article in which he speaks - from a historical perspective but with a contemporary focus - of the political participation of popular sectors in Argentina. There, some of the topics that are worked on are clientelism, neighborhood politics, social work, among others. The article is part of the book Participation, public policies and territory. Contributions for the construction of an integral perspective, edited by Ediciones UNGS.
Access full article.
The Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism launched an report on the consumption of digital news where the cases of more than 25 countries are analyzed. Some of the most prominent topics of the study are the sources that give rise to the news, how audiences access news online, the trust that exists in the news, the difference between "soft" and "hard" news and the custom of pay for digital news.
Some of the most important findings indicate that weekly 51% of respondents use social media as a news source. For just over 1 in 10, this is their main source of information. In any case, television is still very important for adults, although in general its consumption has decreased. The cell phone is the main device through which information is accessed and the use of computers for this same purpose has decreased. Almost 80% of those surveyed indicated that they still consume more text than videos. Of these, more than 40% indicated that an important factor for the preference of the text is that it can be “scanned” faster and that the advertising of the videos is annoying. With regard to trust, almost everywhere people trust media organizations more than editors or journalists.
In addition, the report features a series of essays by leading figures from the world of media, consulting and academia, including the CEO of The New York Times and the Director of Research at the Research Institute.
Access the full report - click here.
Silvio Waisbord, professor at George Washington University and member of the MESO advisory committee, published an editorial at Journal of Communication where he reflects on the editorial decisions of academic journals. There, he explains the very steps that he follows when an article reaches the Journal of Communication, where he is editor-in-chief, and what are the main reasons why an article is rejected, among other things.
Read more about the editorial process from Silvio Waisbord's experience by clicking here.
Gabriel Vommaro, an affiliate researcher of MESO, published in the Nueva Sociedad magazine the article “« Uniting the Argentines »: the project of« normal country »of the new center-right in Argentina”.
“The victory of Mauricio Macri in the second round of the Argentine presidential elections, on November 22, 2015, marks a profound turn in the country's politics. To the breakdown of bipartisanship and the defeat of Peronism, a project with refundational tones is added, based on a vision of managerial modernization of politics and the State. In the selection of the cadres who will lead the state institutions, a good part of this reform project is then encrypted, which has managers of large firms as the figurehead of the new «normal country», republican and entrepreneur.”
Download the full article - click here.
Martín Becerra (UNQ, CONICET), affiliated researcher of MESO, published in the Journal Culturas Jurídicas “Changes, everything changes: media systems and regulation in recent Argentina”, where he characterizes the communication policies of the Kirchnerist cycle ( 2003-2013) within the framework of communication policies since the arrival of democracy.
The central variables for his analysis of the media system are “the ownership structure, the logic of the economic functioning of the sector, the triple function of the State as a regulatory enforcement authority, operator of stations and financier of undertakings; the type of social access to the media (both their property and their content); and content regulation ”.
To read the full article, click here.
Claudio Benzecry, professor at Northwestern University and affiliated researcher of MESO, wrote together with Javier Auyero a paper on the daily practices of clientelism in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
“(…) this article aims to reorient the study of clientelist politics towards its daily character and to recognize the important role played by the close ties that mediating agents maintain with their closest and most reliable followers, in order to understand and better explain the practical features of the clientelist domain. Contrary to what is commonly claimed, this work argues that clientelist politics takes place in the routine of daily life (not just when there are campaigns and elections) and that the behavior of the most loyal customers should not be understood and explained as a product. rational action or normative behaviors, but as a result of clientelistic habits, that is, a set of political dispositions of a cognitive and affective nature, which are produced with the repeated interactions that occur within the inner circles of the followers of mediating agents.”
For more information on this publication, do click here.
Fabián Bustamante, professor at Northwestern University and affiliate researcher of MESO, published an article together with A. Talebpour and H. Mahmassani in which they present a comprehensive theoretical framework of simulation, to model the behavior of drivers in an environment that find under the new technology of "connected vehicles", which consists of a tool that provides information to the driver in real time about the environment that surrounds him.
“The framework, which consists of a microscopic traffic simulator integrated with a discrete-event communications network simulator (ns-3), forms a basis for exploring the properties of the resulting traffic systems, and for assessing system-level impacts of these technologies. Furthermore, the connectivity of Vehicle-to-Vehicle and Vehicle-to-Infrastructure communications network is investigated using NGSIM US-101 data (to represent vehicular movements in a highway environment) and it is found that signal interference can result in information loss and partial connectivity. Finally, through implementing a speed harmonization algorithm, this paper discusses the importance of considering telecommunications along with vehicular movements to investigate the effects of this Connected Vehicles application on mobility and emissions.”
For more information about this publication do click here.
Tamara Falicov, a professor at the University of Kansas and an affiliate researcher at MESO, published a chapter in the book Film Festivals: History, Theory, Method, Practice, entitled “The“ Festival Film ”: Film Festivals Funds as Cultural Intermediaries”.
Learn more about this post by click here .
Rosental C. Alves, a member of the MESO advisory committee, published together with Saldaña, Macedo Higgins Joyce and Schmitz Weiss, an academic article on the platforms that journalists in Latin America use and how they do it. Based on a survey of 877 Latin American journalists, they concluded that Twitter is the most important platform for information gathering and journalistic work.
“Journalists turn to Twitter to find sources and stories, showing an important openness to participatory journalism. Yet, they mistrust information provided from political sources. Our findings show that different regions in Latin America work with social media in different ways, and local journalistic cultures have an impact on these adoptions, especially in the case of Brazil.”
Learn more about “Sharing the stage” - click here.
Silvio Waisbord, professor at George Washington University and member of the MESO advisory committee, published in the International Journal of Communication “Communication Studies Without Frontiers? Translation and Cosmopolitanism Across Academic Cultures ”. Waisbord uses the concept of “translation” to reflect and shed light on the issue of the globalization of academic cultures in the field of communication studies.
“The notion of translation is useful to reflect upon the globalization of academic cultures in communication studies. The globalization of academic cultures confronts matters that translation studies have long recognized: the clash between dogmatism and difference, language slips and gaps, and the possibility of (mis) understandings”.
Download the full article by click here.
Claudio E. Benzecry, Northwestern University professor and MESO affiliate researcher, interviewed José Emilio Burucúa, specialist in the history of art and science, for the journa Public Culture, from Duke University Press. We quote one of the many interesting excerpts from the interview, which can be accessed here.
“CEB: How does our understanding of the emergence of European modernity change when you think about it from the perspective of Buenos Aires, both when it comes to thinking of modernity according to authors other than the canonical ones, producing a different periodization , and how it is to work on these topics daily, with sources other than the paradigmatic ones?
JEB: Things do change, indeed. But the Spanish and Latin American sources are not so different from the Italian ones. They have a different organization, and some of them are even literal translations. So there is something going on; it has kind of a Pierre Menard’s Quixote quality to it. But in the connectors between one theme and the next, you start noticing some interesting slippages. They go in that direction where perspective becomes an illusion, something almost like magic, a fantastic illusion. But things do change, and if one goes to do research with the Platonic idea that what happens in Europe is the model and everything else is an automated and degraded copy, then that is a big mistake. What I was trying to get at was to ﬁ nd a different idea of space, of spatial representation.
What I believe is that, after the quattrocento in Europe, what opens up and prevails over the motives of Christian art is the systematic knowledge of the tools to generate the illusion that what you are seeing is actually a one-to-one representation of what you'd see if the objects were there. Medieval art had as its main objective to make visible what was invisible. Because paradise in itself is invisible, right?" (Pages 95-96).
Jose Emilio Burucua, Interviewed by Claudio Benzecry. Public Culture 28 (1). January 2016.
Philip Kitzberger, professor at the Universidad Torcuato Di Tella and affiliate researcher of MESO, published in the Journal of Latin American Studies the article “Media Wars and the New Left: Governability and Media Democratization in Argentina and Brazil”.
The article “examines government strategies towards members of the media in light of the growing questioning of the role of the press in democratic politics. (…). The study offers an account of the political options and movements of the media based on: (i) the limitations originated in the political-structural variables, (ii) the government perceptions of the power of the opposition media and the strength of their allies of civil society and (iii) learning from critical junctures that reconfigured political preferences.”
Gabriel Vommaro, MESO affiliate researcher, published together with Melchor Armesto in the CEHis magazine “New politicians in the party, old politicians on the lists? Party recruitment and division of political labor in PRO, in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires”.
There, the authors demonstrate “how this force, born in 2002 and combining long-standing political cadres with new entrants to the activity, solves with different types of political personnel the two challenges posed by the difference between the survival of the organization and electoral competitiveness. We will see that the leaders with the greatest involvement in the internal life of the party are the new entrants. On the other hand, when defining the lists to compete in elections, PRO also gives space to politicians with more seniority in the activity. With this political division of labor, PRO manages to both respect a certain political identity and be electorally competitive.”
You can download the PDF here.
Dolores Albarracín, member of the MESO advisory committee and professor at the University of Pennsylvania, published together with Christopher Jones a chapter on public communication for the prevention of drug abuse in the book Addictions: A Social Psychological Perspective, edited by CE Copetz and CW Lejuez.
Natalia Raimondo Anselmino, MESO affiliate researcher, published together with Reviglio and Diviani “Public sphere and social networks on the Internet : What's new on Facebook? " in the Revista Mediterránea de Comunicación on “the ways in which the operation of Facebook and the discourses presented there participate in the configuration of the contemporary public sphere, as well as, in addition, on the degree of novelty that said intervention presents with respect to than that exercised by the traditional mass media. (…) This text concentrates on the following three aspects: the management of visibility, of the release or publication; the place occupied by dialogue, deliberation and dissent and the multiple and mobile condition of the current public sphere.”
Silvio Waisbord, a member of the MESO advisory committee, posted a chapter in The International Encyclopedia of Political Communication about "watchdog journalism," which he considers one of the greatest contributions journalism has made to democratic life.
In the same book, Boczkowski and Mitchelstein, co-directors of MESO, published “Online News”, where they examine different areas of the literature on digital journalists and news consumers.
Article by Silvio Waisbord, member of the advisory committee, in the Journal “Communication Theory”.
The field of communication and social transformation is periodically subject to new questions and changes of orientation. As this field has historically been between academia and the care sector, theoretical debates and programmatic directions responded to changes in the two sectors. Recent debates in Communication research and trends in global care pose new questions and priorities. This article discusses three challenges: the fragmentation of the field, the paucity of research on policy support, and the links between participation and aid effectiveness. Addressing these debates is necessary to produce clear theoretical proposals about the connections between communication and social transformation and to participate in current debates on international assistance.
Article by the advisory committee member, Victoria Murillo, in Foreign Affairs.
“Whoever wins, Argentina is going to turn right. Scioli and Macri are to the right of Kirchner and will have to govern in a more pragmatic way due to economic challenges and the need to generate legislative coalitions.”
Claudio Benzecry, MESO affiliate researcher and professor at Northwestern University, published a column in the newspaper La Nación on the current situation of Sociology in Argentina.
(…) “Sociology in Argentina has been historically characterized, on the one hand, by the essayistic study of the national reality and, on the other hand, by the study of Peronism and the social structure from historical or quantitative points of view. This new generation, on the other hand, does not study the State, for example, as an undifferentiated whole, but rather the networks for recruiting candidates and voters, the link between private and state security, the back and forth of experts and politicians between ministries and NGO, or the role of economists in decision making. Even the urgent issues to be studied (inflation, security or corruption) are even thought of as "public problems", the result of conflict processes between actors in struggle to impose them.
(…) Can we call this process a third foundation of sociology in Argentina? If the first modernization was the creation of the career in the UBA, nucleated in the figure of Germani and then in that of his disciples, and the second was the return of the exiles and the consolidation of the Faculty of Social Sciences directed by Our teachers, this third modernization is anchored in phenomena that occurred separately, but that little by little were articulated.
The creation of postgraduate courses at the UBA, in suburban universities (Idaes-Unsam, UNGS) and in private research centers (IDES, Di Tella, San Andrés), which originated multiple spaces for the production of knowledge; the return of academics from an intermediate generation who went to study sociology in France and the United States, and anthropology in Brazil, and their meeting with local researchers who did their doctorates at national universities formed a generation with its own style and traditions.
(…)This nebulous space of the “new Argentine sociology” is created by a generation that has its older brothers as teachers (due to the retirement of the second modernizing generation and the disappearance during the dictatorship of most of those who should have replaced them, with few exceptions), and that takes place in a more open dialogue with the outside world, not only with the new bibliographic guidelines or with the great teachers, but also with the Argentines who build their academic careers abroad but continue to study our country.